Last updated: 7 months ago
First of all, to answer our question: No, there isn't a mistake! If you thought that the word الْجَمِيل should be written with a ة, you might have misunderstood the meaning of the sentence.
The second part of the sentence is a so-called causative description (نَعْت سَبَبِيّ). The sentence …السيارةُ الجميلُ لونُها means: The car whose color is beautiful. Or: The car with the beautiful color.
Watch out! The sentence doesn't mean: The color of the nice car…
Let us make the difference clear:
|The successful student.
|The student whose sister is successful.
|الطَّالِبُ النَّاجِحةُ أُخْتُهُ
Let us check the different parts of the النَّعْت السَّبَبِيّ.
|Although it is a نَعْت, it doesn't describe what precedes, but what comes after it. The word sister (أُخْت) is the thing being described (مَوْصُوف) because it is not the (male) student, who is successful.
|Subject; the thing which is being described.
|In order to understand the exact meaning of the نَعْت سَّبَبِيّ you could rewrite the sentence with a relative clause اِسمْ إشارة –>
|الطَّالِبُ الذي نَجَحَتْ أُخْتُهُ
The rules for the النَّعْت السَّبَبِيّ
- The النَّعْت السَّبَبِيّ is always singular and comes before the subject of the sentence (فاعِل) which is a اِسْم مَرْفُوع
- It agrees with the preceding اِسْم in: * definite/indefinite form (تَعْريف/تَنْكِير) AND * إِعْراب
- It agrees with the following اِسْم – which is the فاعِل – in: * gender (masculine/feminine) (تَنْكِير/ تَأْنِيث)
- The noun after it (فاعِل) takes the pronoun which refers to the first subject in the sentence! Notice: the فاعِل is always مَرْفُوع
Let us have a look at some examples to understand the rules:
|The man whose brother is honorable came.
|جاءَ الرَّجُلُ الْفاضِلُ أَخُوهُ
|The man whose two brothers are honorable came.
|جاءَ الرَّجُلُ الْفاضِلُ أَخَواهُ
|Two men whose two brothers are honorable came.
|جاءَ رَجُلانِ فاضِلٌ أَخَواهُما
|The two men whose sisters are honorable came.
|جاءَ الرَّجُلانِ الْفاضِلةُ أَخَواتُهُما
|Ladies whose sisters are honorable came.
|جاءَتْ سَيِّداتٌ فاضِلةٌ أَخَواتُهُنَّ
- The النَّعْت الْحَقِيقِيّ always comes after the noun which it describes. It follows the noun in gender, negated/not negated, case and singular/dual/plural.
- The النَّعْت السَّبَبِيّ always comes before the thing which it describes. It is always singular!
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