Last updated: May 2, 2021
They are both plural-forms of the noun شَهْر which means month.
The original meaning of the word is: the new moon, when it appears. In Arabic, some words have more than one plural, and so doesشَهْر. So, how do we know which form is appropriate?
Well, it depends on the number it is referring to. In our case: on the amount of months.
Two rules for Arabic plurals
- Normally, the form فُعُول is used for big numbers and is called جَمْع الْكَثْرة (major plural)
- The form أَفْعُل is used for small numbers (3 to 10) and is called جَمْع الْقِلّة (minor plural)
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|translation||plural big numbers||plural small numbers||singular|
Let us check other examples:
|several months||عِدّة الشُّهُور||four months||أَرْبَعة أَشْهُر|
NOTICE that there are several patterns for the جَمْع الْقِلّة (for things that are between 3 and 10 in number). You will find them in the book Arabic for Nerds 1.
If you think Arabic grammar is boring, check out these articles:
- 22,222 men came – How do you write this number in Arabic?
- A crash course in the conditional sentence in Arabic: particles and words (2/3)
- A crash course in the conditional sentence in Arabic: the basics (1/3)
- A tool to learn the notoriously difficult rules for numbers in Arabic
- Arabic if-clauses: When do you need the majzum mood?
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