LAST UPDATED: 3 months ago
All three words look very similar. So watch out and don’t mix them up.
Here is a list what they mean and how they are used:
|when; as suddenly||إذا|
إذا is normally introducing a conditional sentence.
The word إِذا can only be used if the situation in the conditional sentence can theoretically be achieved, if it is possible, or has happened.
This is different to إنْ – as the word إنْ can be used for introducing a possible or impossible condition, as shown in the examples below.
إذا ما is only used to emphasize a sentence (تَأْكِيد).
|If you are successful in your work, you will be successful in your life. (This leaves open if you are successful or not; you could be both.)||إنْ تَجْتَهِدْ في عَمَلِكَ تَنْجَحْ في حَياتِكَ|
|When the sun rises (and the sun does rise every day without an exception) people will go to their work.||إذا طَلَعَتْ الشَّمْس ذَهَبَ النَّاسُ إلى عمالِهِم|
|as; when; since; as; because||إذْ|
It can be used as a causal or temporal conjunction. Normally, a verbal sentence (جُمْلة فِعْلِيّة) in the past follows, very rarely you see a nominal sentence (جُمْلة اِسْمِيّة).
It has usually the meaning of عِنْدَ ما.
|She cried as she was sick.||بَكِيَتْ إذْ كانَتْ مَرِيِضةً|
|then; therefore; hence; that’s why; consequently; in that case||إذًا = إذَنْ|
Often used in a dialogue responding to what was said before.
|A:||We will meet at the center.||سَنَلْتَقي في الْمَرْكَزِ|
|B:||Let’s have a coffee together then. (Remark: this is a rather simplified translation to illustrate the concept. There are more sophisticated ways to express that.)||إِذًا نَشْرَبُ قَهْوَةً مَعًا|
Please note that we are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites.
Arabic grammar isn’t boring…
- Is it possible to cut off the ن in كانَ?
- How to pass the Al-Jazeera Arabic grammar test – a survival guide
- English tenses in Arabic – a comprehensive guide
- How do you build the imperative of قالَ in the dual?
- What kind of word is حُرِّيّةٌ in Arabic?
picture credit: Image by Arek Socha from Pixabay